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Bairro Alto is a traditional neighborhood of Lisbon, located on top of a hill, located close to the cosmopolitan neighborhood of Chiado, from transport station Cais do Sodré, charming Príncipe Real and historical Largo do Carmo. The main arteries of Bairro Alto are Luís de Camões Square, Largo Trindade Coelho, Rua do Norte, Rua da Rosa, Rua do Século and Rua do Diário de Notícias. Bairro Alto has two main meeting points: Praça Luís de Camões and Largo Trindade Coelho. Praça Luís de Camões, located at the southern entrance of Bairro Alto, establishes the border between Bairro Alto and Chiado, considered the capital of Lisbon by the people of Lisbon. From here it is possible to go to Rua da Rosa, Rua do Norte or Rua da Atalaia. The Largo Trindade Coelho, located in the northern part of Bairro Alto, also known as Largo do Cauteleiro due to the presence of a statue in honor of the cautelo or Largo de São Roque due to the São Roque Church. From Largo Trindade Coelho it is possible to access the São Pedro de Alcântara viewpoint, the Elevador da Glória, the Rua da Misericórdia, the Rua do Grémio Lusitano and the Largo do Carmo.
The mixed environment of Bairro Alto
Bairro Alto presents two lifestyles, one during the day and another at night.
In the Bairro Alto during the day we can observe a calm and quiet neighborhood, a neighborhood with small shops, business offices and small restaurants with typical Portuguese cuisine with the typical bustle of a big city neighborhood with people circulating from side to side, on the way to the offices, neighbors chatting at the window, clothes hanging on the clothesline, and balconies decorated with flower pots and restaurants full of local people and tourists during lunchtime.
At night, Bairro Alto becomes a bohemian and nightlife center in Lisbon. It is Bairro Alto that defines practically all the trends and fashions of Lisbon’s nightlife, a neighborhood dedicated to nightlife. In Bairro Alto there are bars of all kinds, clubs, clubs, restaurants, tea houses, taverns or fado houses. In Bairro Alto it is possible to live at night in the middle of the night, although nightlife establishments close at two in the morning.
Bairro Alto and Rua de Santa Catarina are part of the Parish Council of Misericórdia.
Attractions to visit in Chiado (Top 10)
1. São Pedro de Alcântara viewpoint: The São Pedro de Alcântara viewpoint is a park with a garden and a viewpoint with one of the most beautiful views in Lisbon due to the panoramic view over the entire old city, including the São Jorge Castle located on the opposite hill. São Pedro de Alcântara viewpoint is located at Rua de São Pedro de Alcântara, between Princípe Real and Bairro Alto. The main highlights São Pedro de Alcântara viewpoint are:
- View over the Castle of São Jorge, the hillside of Graça, Baixa, Martim Moniz, Alfama, the Tagus River and Serra da Arrábida;
- The Statue of Eduardo Coelho, founder of Diário de Notícias, one of the most important newspapers in the country;
- The tile panel with representation of the city of Lisbon, by Fred Kradolfer built in 1952;
- The Eight busts representing historical figures, namely: Venus, Ulisses, Vasco da Gama and Camões
2. Church of São Roque (38 ° 42 ‘49.07’, 9 ° 8 ‘36.54’ ‘): it stands out for the discrepancy between the exterior facade and interior wealth, it is located in Largo Trindade Coelho between Rua da Misericórdia and Rua Dom Pedro de Alcântara. The Igreja de São Roque was created in 1553 as the headquarters of the Jesuits in Portugal. The Jesuits (Companhia de Jesus) arrived in Portugal in 1540 and built the first Church and headquarters in the old chapel of São Roque. The architect responsible for the Church of São Roque was Afonso Álvares (1501-1580). The main highlights of Igreja de São Roque are:
- Chapel of São João Batista: The Chapel of São João Batista was commissioned by King Dom João V (1689-1750) to two Italian architects, Luigi Vanvitelli (1700-1773) and Nicola Salvi (1697-1751 ) in 1740 and built during the years 1742 and 1747. On December 15, 1744 it was blessed by Pope Benedict XIV (1675-1758) and transported to Lisbon directly from Rome in three ships. The points of interest of the Chapel of St. John the Baptist are the Carrara Marble; The painting representing the Baptism of Christ by the author by Agostino Massucci (1691-1758); “O Pentecostes” represented on the screens on the left, and “The Annunciation” represented on the screens on the right, written by Agostino Massucci (1691-1758); and the outer bow with the Portuguese Royal Weapons and the monogram of Dom João V.
- Chapel of Nossa Senhora da Doctrina: inaugurated in 1612, with the image of Saint Anne and the Virgin dating from the end of the 17th century, the images of São Joaquim and Santa Ana of the 17th century and the emblem of the Brotherhood of Doctrine.
- Chapel of São Francisco Xavier: inaugurated in 1634 and designed by António Gomes de Elvas. Here we can visit the 17th century sculpture representing São Francisco Xavier, the paintings representing two moments of the life of São Francisco Xavier with Dom João III in audience with São Francisco Xavier and O Papa Paulo III when the first Fathers of the Society of Jesus were sent to Portugal. The two paintings are by José de Avelar Rebelo (1600-1657).
- Chapel of São Roque: at the site of the old Chapel of São Roque and stands out for the presence of the image of São Roque, images of São Tiago and São Sebastião, the six sculptures in silver wood that represent the Apostles São Pedro and São Paulo and the four Saints Evangelists, São Mateus, São Marcos, São Lucas and São João; the painting to represent The Apparition of the Angel to São Roque, dating from the second half of the 16th century, by Gaspar Dias; the tile panels from the 16th century with scenes from the daily life of São Roque by Francisco de Matos; and the Coat of Arms of the Brotherhood of São Roque.
- Capela do Santíssimo: Capela do Santíssimo was designed by Luíza Fróis and inaugurated in 1636. The highlights are the image of Nossa Senhora da Assunção; the two side paintings dating from the 17th century to represent The death of the Virgin and the Assumption and Coronation of the Virgin, by Bento Coelho da Silveira (1617-1708); the 1877 silver lamp built in the city of Porto.
- Main Chapel: the Main Chapel was built between 1625 and 1628. The main points of interest are the four frontal niches representing the main saints of the Society of Jesus, namely Saint Ignatius of Loyola (1491-1556), São Francisco Xavier (1506-15525), São Luís de Gonzaga (1568-1591) and São Francisco de Borja (1510-1572); the sculpture to represent Nossa Senhora with o Menino, dating from the 17th century; the sculptures of Senhor da Cana Verde, Santa Brígida, São Gregório Thaumaturgo and Immaculada Conceição; the four side paintings that represent Santo Estanislau Kostka (1550-1568) and the three martyrs of Japan, São Diogo, São João Mário and São Paulo Miki; and the Tombs of Dom Fernando Martins de Mascarenhas (1548-1628) and Dom Tomás de Almeida (1670-1754).
- Chapel of Nossa Senhora da Piedade: designed by Martim Gonçalves da Câmara and inaugurated in 1613. The main points of interest are Painting representing Nossa Senhora da Soledade; the Pietá in polychrome wood dating from the 17th century; the image of Nossa Senhora da Boa-Morte; and the two sculptures to represent São Longuinho and Santa Verónica.
- Santo António Chapel: rebuilt after the Earthquake of November 1, 1755. The highlights are the Ceilings with neoclassical frescoes from the 19th century; the 17th century image of Saint Anthony; the two paintings representing scenes from Santo António’s religious journey, namely The Saint preaching to fish and The Temptation of St. Anthony The paintings are by Vieira Lusitano (1699-1783).
- Chapel of the Sagrada Familia (Chapel of the Lost Child), opened in the 17th century. The points of interest are the central painting representing Jesus among Doctors by José de Avelar Rebelo (1600-1657); the two paintings to represent The Adoration of the Kings, and the Adoration of the Shepherds by André Reinoso; and the three 17th century sculptures representing the Sagrada Familia.
- Ceiling: the painting made by Francisco Venegas (1525-1594) between 1587 and 1589, the only ceiling left in Lisbon of the large Mannerist style ceilings.
- Pipe Organ: built in 1784 by Xavier Machado and Cerveira (1756-1828).
- The Museum of São Roque: opened on January 11, 1905. The highlights of the Museum are the five permanent exhibitions: Exhibition dedicated to the Hermitage of São Roque, Exhibition dedicated to Companhia de Jesus, Exhibition of Oriental Art, Exhibition of Treasury of the Chapel of São João Batista and Exhibition dedicated to Misericórdia de Lisboa.
3. Elevator of Glory ![(38.714961, -9.144479)]: The Elevador da Glória is an elevator that connects Praça dos Restauradores and Bairro Alto in an approximate path of 255 meters and a drop in height 48 meters long, being the busiest lift in the city with around three million passengers per year. The Elevador da Glória Glória was inaugurated on October 24, 1885 with a project by Mesnier du Ponsard (1848-1914), operated until 1915 through a system of water balance to go up and down. From 1915, a second electrified elevator was added. The Elevador da Glória was classified as a national monument in 2002.
4. Museum of Portuguese Masonry: The Museum of Portuguese Masonry is a space where we can learn about the historical evolution of Masonry in Portugal, and visit the oldest Masonic lodge in the country. The Masonic Museum is integrated in the headquarters building of the Grande Oriente Lusitano, located at Rua do Grémio Lusitano. The museum nucleus is organized in two main spaces, with one Permanent exhibition nucleus where it is possible to observe objects used in Masonic rites and one Temporary exhibition nucleus with the permanent exhibition of individual pieces of Masons from the 18th and 19th centuries used during the rituals; the number of aprons and embroidery; and the ceramic collection.
5. Church of Santa Catarina: is one of the most important churches in Lisbon due to the work in gilded wood, namely in the main altar built during the Reign of Dom João V. The Church of Santa Catarina is located in Calçada do Combro since its inauguration in 1647. The attractions of the church are Capela-Mor, considered the most imposing gilded monument in Portugal; the painting on the ceiling representing the Holy Trinity by António Pimenta Rolin; the image of Santa Catarina; and the six paintings that represent “Cristo no Deserto” and the “Multiplicação dos Pães” by Vieira Lusitano (1699-1763); the Santíssima Trindade represented in the central medallions of the ceiling, authored by João Grossi and Toscanelli; o Golden organ dating from the 18th century; and the Saints of the Order of São Paulo of Serra da Ossa painted by Bento Coelho da Silveira and André Gonçalves.
6. Cinematheque Museum: is a museum that aims to divulge the evolution of cinema until our times, located at Rua Barata Salgueiro. The museum is organized in the spaces Pre-cinema where we can visit some important objects for the emergence of cinema; Small Format, where we can view cameras, publishers and accessories in formats used for cinema, ranging from 17.5 mm to 8 mm; Large Format, a space where we find equipment with formats ranging from 35 mm to 70 mm; and the space Instruction Manuals, where the evolution of the instruction manuals for cameras, projectors and accessories is exposed
7. Palace of the Marquis of Pombal: is a 17th century building, located at Rua de O Século, built to serve as a residence for the family of Sebastião de Carvalho e Melo, grandfather of Sebastião José de Carvalho e Melo , known as Marquis of Pombal. The highlights of the Palácio do Marquês de Pombal are the Chafariz, by Carlos Mardel; the Ceiling of the stairway to represent “A Morte ea Amor”, by João Grossi (1715-1780); and the gardens inspired by the Palace of Versailles, by Carlos Mardel, with emphasis on Cascata dos Poetas and Fonte das Quatro Estações;
8. Viewpoint of Santa Catarina: is one of the viewpoints in Lisbon where it is possible to observe the city’s riverside area, namely the movement of the departure and arrival of ships in Lisbon, having originated the popular saying of Lisbon “see ships from Alto de Santa Catarina ”. The Miradouro de Santa Catarina is located on Rua de Santa Catarina, highlighting the View over the Port of Lisbon and over the houses with the clothes line and the vases of flowers; the marble statue of Adamastor, a figure from Greco-Roman mythology that appears represented in the Lusíadas of Luís Vaz de Camões (1524-1580) as “the being that sank the ships that tried to pass the Cabo das Tormentas ”, Current Cape of Good Hope in South Africa. Statue by Júlio Vaz Júnior (1877-1963).
9. Elevador da Bica ![(38.708981, -9.146705)]: it is an elevator that connects Rua de São Paulo to Largo do Calhariz, designed by Mesnier du Ponsard and inaugurated in 1892, located at Rua da Bica de Duarte Belo, classified as “the ninth most beautiful street in the world” according to the classification of St Christopher’s Inn hotels.
10. Pharmacy Museum ![(38.710249, -9.147139)]: it is a museum that aims to divulge the history of pharmacy and medicine in Portugal, opened in 1996, located at Rua Marechal Saldanha. The highlights of Museu da Farmácia are the Reconstitutions of Portuguese pharmacies between the 18th and 20th centuries; a Reconstitution of a traditional Chinese pharmacy; and a Reconstitution of a military pharmacy.
Other attractions worth visiting in Bairro-Alto
Luís de Camões Square ![(38.710641, -9.143263)]: located between Chiado and Bairro Alto, it is one of the largest squares in Lisbon. The square owes its name to the monument in honor of Luís Vaz de Camões. The statue was inaugurated on October 9, 1867 as a way to celebrate the independence of December 1, 1640. Praça Luís de Camões is one of the main meeting and resting points of Bairro Alto and Chiado, it is a place where hold regular concerts and a crossing point between Rua da Misericórdia, Rua do Alecrim, Rua do Loreto, Largo do Chiado and Cais do Sodré .. The main attractions are the Monument in honor of Luís Vaz de Camões by Vitor Bastos (1829-1867) with eight statues of important figures in the History of Portugal, namely Fernão Lopes, Jerónimo Corte-Real, Fernão Lopes de Castanheda, Francisco Sá Menezes, Gomes Eanes de Zurara, Vasco Mouzinho de Quevedo and João de Barros; the Statue of Luís Vaz de; and ions four meters high; and the Conceição dos Cardais Convent, an asylum for the blind since the extinction of religious orders in 1834, it is one of the main buildings built in National Style, designation attributed to the early years of the style Baroque in Portugal. Dona Luísa de Távora (1609-1692) had the Convento da Conceição dos Cardais built on the current street, Rua Eduardo Coelho in 1681, having the following points of interest: the Facade with highlights for the sculptures to represent Nossa Senhora da Conceição and São José by João Antunes (1643-1712); the “Roda dos Exostos”, a wheel of existence formerly common in convents, created as a means of communication with the outside, however it started to be used as a “mailbox” to anonymously abandon newborns in the care of nuns, caused by difficulties subsistence of Portuguese families; the Santa Teresa d’Ávila represented on tile panels by Jan van Oort; the Capela-Mor built in the National style by the carver José Rodrigues Ramalho (1660-1721).
Galeria Zé dos Bois ![(38.711978, -9.144617)]: is a non-profit cultural association located in the Palácio Baronesa de Almeida, where Almeida Garrett worked, in Rua da Barroca . The association Galeria Zé dos Bois was created with the objective of promoting and investigating the visual and performing arts.
Monument to Eça de Queiroz: is a stone statue by Teixeira Lopes, inaugurated in 1903 in Largo Barão de Quintela
Palace of the Baron of Quintela: is a restaurant space known as the Palácio Chiado, located on Rua do Alecrim. The Barão de Quintela Palace was built in the late 18th century in Neoclassical style, having been used as headquarters by General Junot during the First Invasion of Napoleon’s Army Bonaparte in 1807.
National Press Building: is the oldest industrial establishment in Portugal, in continuous operation since the 13th century. The Imprensa Nacional was created in 1769, having been designated initially by Régia Printing, Régia Oficina Tipográfica and later National Press from 1933, performing Edition of the Diário da República; Production of identification documents, namely passport and citizen’s card; and Coinage.
Church of Chagas is a church located at Rua do Ataíde, whose worship is dedicated to professions linked to the sea, namely sailors and fishermen. Frei Diogo from Lisbon had the church built, having been inaugurated in 1542 so that the sailors of Carreira da Índia could have a space to pray before the voyage was made. The church was rebuilt after the 1755 Earthquake, with the following points of interest Painting on the ceiling representing Nossa Senhora da Piedade das Chagas de Cristo by Francisco Figueiredo; and the organ of the 17th century*.
Convent and Church of São Pedro de Alcântara is a 17th century building that stands out for integrating the most complete set of tiles related to the life of São Pedro de Alcântara in Portugal, located on São Pedro de Alcântara street. The Convent and Church of São Pedro de Alcântara was inaugurated in 1672 with a project by João Antunes, built to celebrate the independence of Portugal in relation to Spain and victory in the Battle of Montes Claros that took place in 1665, the last battle of the War of the Restoration (1640-1668). The main points of interest are the Capela dos Lencastres built in 1690, in memory of the Cardinal of Lisbon Dom Veríssimo de Lencastre. The chapel has representations of “frescoes” by Francisco Pais, the altar with the marble columns and the coat of arms of Dom Veríssimo. The chapel resisted the 1755 Earthquake; the Gilt carved altars representing “The Coronation of the Virgin” by Pierre Antoine Quillard and “The Preaching of São João Batista” by Pedro Alexandrino de Carvalho; o Ceiling painted by Pierre Bordes; the Altar-Mor in Rococo style, gilt carving and the “Ecstasy of São Pedro de Alcântara”, a painting by Bento Coelho da Silveira; the most complete tile panels in Portugal with representation of scenes from the life of São Pedro de Alcântara.
Ludovice Palace: considered one of the most important palaces in Lisbon of the palatial urban architecture of the Reign of Dom João V (1689-1750). The Ludovice Palace, located at Rua de São Pedro de Alcântara, was the residence of the Major Architect of the Kingdom João Frederico Ludovice (1673-1752) and of Solar do Vinho do Porto. The Solar do Vinho do Porto is a restaurant where you can taste more than 300 varieties of Port Wine.
- Chafariz do Século: is a fountain on Rua de O Século inaugurated in 1762 with the aim of supplying water to the Pombal Palace, a project by Carlos Mardel (1695-1763).
Main streets and squares in Bairro-Alto
Street of O Século: is a street in Bairro Alto that connects Praça do Príncipe Real and Calçada do Combro, being one of the most important streets in this historic district. The Rua de O Século is a typical street in the historic area of Lisbon, with several attractions, namely the noble palaces of the 18th and 19th centuries, the popular houses (1fgh, ) the Portuguese sidewalk, the restaurants, bars, local accommodations, the Church of the Convento dos Cardaes, the Constitutional Court, the Palácio Pombal or the Dance School of the National Conservatory. Rua de O Século, formerly Rua Formosa, acquired this name because it was the seat of the newspaper O Século*, o Lisbon newspaper that was in operation between 1880 and 1977.
Rua da Misericórdia: makes the connection between Praça Luís de Camões and Largo Trindade Coelho, it is an important road that allows to enter and leave the historic center of the city. Rua da Misericórdia is very frequented by tourists and Portuguese people due to attractions such as Igreja de São Roque, or Bairro Alto, restaurants, the Church of Nossa Senhora do Loreto and because it is part of the route of the famous Tram 28. The Rua da Misericórdia has this name due to the presence of the Misericórdia de Lisboa in Largo Trindade Coelho.
Calçada do Combro: connects Rua de São Bento to Largo do Calhariz. Calçada do Combro is the street that establishes the division between Bairro Alto and Bica, being one of the busiest streets in the Bairro Alto area due to the presence of points of interest such as Rooftop Park, o Elevador da Bica, to Igreja de Santa Catarina and because it is one of the crossing points of the Tram 28. The Calçada do Combro won this name for being on a higher and isolated point of land in the city, having been built with the growth of Bairro Alto.
Rua da Rosa: is the street that connects Rua Dom Pedro V to Largo do Calhariz, known for its nightlife, the many taverns and restaurants and the Convento dos Inglesinhos (1fgh .) Rua da Rosa is also known as Rua da Rosa das Partilhas*, having this name since 1597.
Rua da Atalaia: is the street that connects Rua da Rosa to Rua do Loreto. Rua da Atalaia has several points of interest, namely the Portuguese Masonic Museum, restaurants and bars. Rua da Atalaia and Rua da Rosa are the streets with the most nightlife in Bairro Alto, always full of tourists and locals at weekends. The Rua da Atalaia originates from the Arabic toponym Atalaia, which means high place or sentinel.
Rua do Diário de Notícias: is the street that connects Travessa da Cara and Rua das Salgadeiras, and is very popular with tourists and locals who want to try the gastronomy of restaurants, fado houses and the local bars. The Rua do Diário de Notícias, former Rua dos Calafates, acquired this name from 1885 as a celebration of the twenty-first anniversary of the newspaper Diário de Notícias.
Other interesting places to visit in Bairro Alto
Largo Trindade Coelho ![(38.713065, -9.143215)]: located between the São Pedro de Alcântara viewpoint and Praça Luís de Camões is known as Largo do Cauteleiro or Largo de São Roque. The square owes its name to the writer José Francisco Trindade Coelho (1861-1908) and its main highlights are the Church of São Roque, the statue of the cautelo, the statue of São Francisco Xavier and the headquarters of Santa Casa da Misericórdia. Largo Trindade Coelho is one of the meeting points of Bairro Alto
Parish Church of Mercês ![(38.713269, -9.150566)]: located in Largo de Jesus. The Parish Church of Merces was part of the old Convent of Jesus and since 1838 the Academy of Sciences. The project was created by Frei Manuel do Cenáculo. The main highlights are:
- Main façade and the steps;
- Side chapels.
Santa Catarina Parish Church ![(38.711196, -9.148167)]: located in Calçada do Combro it is known as Igreja dos Paulistas because it was inaugurated in the 17th century for the faithful of São Paulo da Serra de Ossa. From 1835 it became part of Santa Catarina. The main points of interest are:
- Custody of the Blessed Sacrament;
- Two bell towers;
- Joanine carving of the main altar;
- Organ decorated in gilt carving.
Galeria Subterrânea do Loreto ![(38 ° 42 ‘39.05’, 9 ° 8 ‘33.95’ ‘)]: one of the five galleries of Aqueduto das Águas Livres, presents the following route with an approximate distance of 410 meters:
- Start at Casa do Registo;
- Descent from Rua das Amoreiras to Largo do Rato;
- Passage on Rua da Escola Politécnica;
- Passing through Rua Dom Pedro V;
- Passing through Rua Paiva de Andrade;
- Final at Largo de São Carlos.
Convent of São Pedro de Alcântara ![(38 ° 42 ‘54.17’ ‘, 9 ° 8’ 43.50 ”)]: opened in 1681 in the street of São pedro de Alcântara. The Convent of São Pedro de Alcântara was built in honor of the Spanish saint São Pedro de Alcântara as a result of the independence of Portugal in 1640. The Convent of São Pedro de Alcântara was rehabilitated by the architect Manuel da Maia after the earthquake of November 1, 1755. The main highlights are the Capela dos Lencastre inaugurated in 1690 and built in memory of the Cardinal of Lisbon Dom Veríssimo de Alcântara. The ceiling, designed by Francisco Pais, represents the martyrs of Santos Veríssimo, Máxima and Júlia; the Gilded altars; to Painting of the Coronation of the Virgin, by Pierre Antoine Quillard; a Painting of the Preaching of São João Batista by Pedro Alexandrino Carvalho; the Ceiling by Pierre Bordes, opened in 1878; o Extâse de São Pedro de Alcântara, a painting by Bento Coelho da Silveira; and the 18th century tile panels with scenes from the daily life of São Pedro de Alcantâra.
Convento dos Cardaes ![(38.714653, -9.147601)]: located on Rua do Século is one of the best preserved monuments of the Baroque in Lisbon. The Convento dos Cardaes was opened in 1681 by Dona Luísa de Távora (1609-1692) to join the Order of Descalças Carmelitas. The main points of interest are:
- Church with paintings by António Pereira Ravasco and André Gonçalves that represent the rules of the Order, the tile panels that represent scenes from the daily life of Santa Teresa d’Ávila;
- Exterior marble sculpture representing Nossa Senhora da Conceição by João Antunes;
- Exterior sculpture in marble representing São José by João Antunes;
- The wheel that allowed the entry and exit of objects, but which, in the long run, was used for mothers to deliver the children without being identified. It became known as the wheel of the exposed.
Palácio Pombal ![(38.713120, -9.147704)]: it is a 16th century building in a floor style located on the street of “O Século”. The Palácio Pombal was the Melo’s place of residence until the Earthquake of November 1, 1755. The palace was built by Sebastião de Carvalho e Melo, grandfather of Sebastião José de Carvalho e Melo, Marquês de Pombal and Prime Minister of Dom José I (1714-1777). The main highlights of the Palácio Pombal are the Noble staircase with two floors; as Four marble sculptures representing Hercules and Venus; o Ceiling with representation Death and Love by João Grossi; the garden with benches, tile panels with scenes of everyday life, a lake and two celtis australis trees.
Hemeroteca Municipal ![(38 ° 42 ‘29.96’, 9 ° 8 ‘25.96’)]: located on Rua Lúcio de Azevedo aims to build a digital library of newspapers and magazines fallen in the domain public. The Hemeroteca Municipal was opened in 1931. The main points of interest are newspapers from the 18th and 19th centuries. The oldest example is a Lisbon Gazette of 10 August 1715.
Solar do Vinho do Porto ![(38 ° 42 ‘50.86’ ‘, 9 ° 8’ 39.59 ”)]: located in São Pedro de Alcântara street, it stands out for the possibility of tasting more than three hundred Port wines. Solar do Vinho do Porto is integrated in the Ludovic Palace between the São Pedro de Alcântara viewpoint and the Princípe Real. The bar was opened on February 19, 1946 and designed by designer Paulo Lobo
Centro Antiquário do Alecrim Ldª – Livreiro Antiquário (38.709081, -9.143119): located in Rua do Alecrim is integrated in the building of the old anchor factory. The Centro Antiquário do Alecrim sells old books, prints, photographs, maps and other documents
Restaurants in Bairro Alto
100 Maneiras ![(38.714733, -9.144854)]: located in Rua do Teixeira, it stands out for offering tasting menus at affordable prices. The restaurant is owned by the chef Ljubomir Stanisic was opened in 2009 in a space with only thirty seats available. The main highlight of the restaurant is the Estendal do Bairro dish.
Casanostra ![(38.712370, -9.145186)]: located in Travessa do Poço da Cidade, it is a very popular Italian restaurant due to its varied gastronomy. The restaurant was opened in 1986 by the Italian Maria Paola with the objective of making the Portuguese cuisine known in addition to pasta and pizza.
Fumeiro de Santa Catarina ![(38.710040, -9.149256)]: located in Travessa Alcaide Lisboa, it is a restaurant specialized in sausages and appetizers
Tantura ![(38.711630, -9.145080)]: located on Rua da Trombeta and is thus designated as a location in Israel. Owners Elad Bodenstein and Itamar Eliiyahuo lived in Tantura, Israel, and opened the restaurant in Bairro Alto with the aim of promoting Israeli food in Portugal.
Adega das Mercês ![(38.711305, -9.144987)]: located on Rua das Mercês, it stands out for its fresh fish and typical Portuguese cuisine.
Petiscos do Bairro ![(38.713141, -9.145152)]: located in Rua da Atalaia, it stands out for its snacks, namely pataniscas, “pica-pau” and peixinhos da horta.
O Trevo ![(38.710857, -9.143094)]: located in Praça Luís de Camões, it is known for bifana, pork steak in bread, and for being one of the places chosen for the cooking program North American No Reservations by Anthony Bourdain on gastronomy in Lisbon. Trevo stands out for offering the best bifanas in Lisbon.
Cantinho do Bem Estar ![(38.711447, -9.143742)]: located on Rua do Norte, Cantinho do Bem Estar is a typical tavern in Lisbon that serves Alentejo cuisine.
Fado Houses in Bairro Alto
Faia ![(38.711823, -9.144502)]: located on Rua da Barroca, it is a reference of fado in Lisbon. Faia was opened in 1947 and has already received renowned artists, namely Lucília do Carmo, Carlos do Carmo, Alfredo Marceneiro, Fernando Maurício or Camané.
A Severa ![(38.711757, -9.143486)]: located on Rua das Gáveas, it is the fado house that has remained in the same family for the longest time. Severa was opened in 1955 and was thus designated to honor the fado singer Severa, the founder of fado.
Adega Machado ![(38.712293, -9.143812)]: located on Rua do Norte, it stands out due to the Sala da Fadistagem, created exclusively for groups. Adega Machado was inaugurated in 1937 and was the place of performance of several fado singers, namely Amália Rodrigues, Fernando Maurício, Maria da Fé or Mariza.
Café Luso ![(38.713078, -9.143800)]: located in Travessa da Queimada it is integrated in the old cellars and stables of the Palácio Brito Freire. O Café Luso was opened in 1927 on Avenida da Liberdade and in 1939 in Bairro Alto. Amália Rodrigues starred in the most mediatic moment in the restaurant’s history with a concert in 1955.
Mascote da Atalaia ![(38.711446, -9.144891)]: located on Rua da Atalaia, the main attraction is the stray fado. Mascote da Atalaia was inaugurated more than fifty years ago and countless fado singers have passed through here, including Artur Batalha, Fernando Maurício or Chico do Carmo.
Tasca do Chico ![(38.711645, -9.144157)]: located on Rua do Diário de Notícias, the main points of interest are fado and snacks, especially roasted cheeses and chorizo. Tasca do Chico was opened in 1993 by Francisco Gonçalves. Tasca do Chico currently has two spaces, one located in Bairro Alto and the other in Alfama.
Illustrious Figures from Bairro Alto
Guedelha Palaçano: was one of the richest men in Portugal in the 15th century. Guedelha Palaçano was the owner of two farms close to Portas de Santa Catarina, current Praça Luís de Camões (1fgh 🙂 Herdade de Santa Catarina and Herdade da Boavista. Guedelha Palaçano performed several functions, namely that of doctor, astrologer (conceived the horoscopes for the coronations of the Portuguese kings Dom Duarte and Dom Afonso V), was the first surgeon appointed to the Hospital de Todos-os-Santos and the chief rabbi during the reign of Dom Afonso V. He was the author of several works, namely a treatise on Divine Providence*. He ended up fleeing to Spain and later Italy due to having been accused of trying a coup d’état to depose King Dom João II in 1483.
Ana Queimado: a wealthy noble lady and owner of some land in Bairro Alto who gave a charter to the Jesuits to build the Church of São Roque.
Camilo Castelo Branco (1825-1890): one of the most important writers in Portugal and first Viscount of Correia Botelho. Camilo Castelo Branco was born in Lisbon in Bairro Alto on Rua da Rosa in 1825 and committed suicide in 1890. The writer participated in several events throughout his life, namely in the Revolta da Maria da Fonte ( 1fgh) in 1846. Camilo Castelo Branco wrote several works with emphasis on A Filha do Arcediago of 1855, Where is Happiness of 1856, O Morgado de Fafe of 1861, Love of Perdition of 1862, The Fall of an Angel of 1865, The Kingslayer of 1874 and Novels do Minho* between 1875 and 1877.
Manuel Maria Barbosa du Bocage (1765-1805): known by “Bocage” was one of the greatest poets in Portugal, he was born in Setúbal and died in Lisbon. The poet joined the Nova Arcádia oratory and poetry academy in 1790, was arrested in 1797 in the prison of the Inquisition and in the Hospice of Necessidades in 1798. Bocage published several works throughout his life, namely The Rhymes written between 1799 and 1804.
Tomás Quintino (1820-1898): Portuguese journalist and businessman was co-founder of Diário de Notícias in 1864 in Bairro Alto together with Eduardo Coelho.
Eduardo Coelho (1835-1889): Portuguese writer and journalist was co-founder of Diário de Notícias in 1864 in Bairro Alto together with Tomás Quintino. Eduardo Coelho was one of the founders of the Lisbon Geography Society on November 10, 1875.
Fernando Tavares Farinha (1928-1988): fado singer who started singing fado at the age of nine in a contest representing the neighborhood of Bica in 1937. Participation in this contest made Fernando Tavares Flour was known as the Kid of Bica throughout his career. Fernando Tavares Farinha became a professional fado singer at the age of eleven and started singing in several neighborhoods in Lisbon, namely Alto do Pina, Ajuda and Santo Amaro. This fadista recorded his first album in 1940, made his first tour to Brazil at the age of twenty-three, in 1960 he won the Voz Mais Portuguesa de Portugal contest and from 1965 he toured the United States of America, France, Belgium and Germany. Some of the most famous themes are Um Fado à Marceneiro, Seasons of Love or Empty Place.
Curiosities of Bairro Alto
- Bairro Alto was the first neighborhood to be built in Lisbon **with wider streets for coaches to pass through (fgh2.)
- Bairro Alto was a reference for the reconstruction of Baixa Pombalina after the Earthquake of 1 November 1755 because it resisted this catastrophe practically intact.
- The poet Bocage died at house number 25 of Travessa André Valente.
- The writer Camilo Castelo Branco was born in the house number 13 of Rua da Rosa.
- The writer Almeida Garrett lived at house number 46 on Rua da Barroca.
- In the 19th century, prostitution was legal in Bairro Alto (fgh2.)
- In Bairro Alto, the modern Portuguese press emerged with the creation of two of the first large Portuguese newspapers in the 19th century: O Século and **Diário de Notícias (fgh2.)
- The sports newspaper A Bola is the only newspaper that maintains its headquarters in Bairro Alto.
- The Frágil nightclub opened in 1982 and revolutionized the night in Bairro Alto and Lisbon.
- On May 17, 1986, the Maneuvers of May emerged, innovative fashion shows at the time.
- Figures like Bocage, Almeida Garrett, Camilo Castelo Branco or Jules Verne lived in Bairro Alto.
- The last gas lamps in Lisbon were replaced by electric lamps in 1965 in the neighborhood of Santa Catarina.
- Passos Manuel Basic and Secondary School
- Hospital St Louis
- Hospital de Jesus
Four and Five Star Tourist Developments
- Bairro Alto Hotel
- Dear Lisbon Charming House
- Orange 3 House – Chiado Bed & Breakfast & Suites
Shops and shopping
- Alêtheia Livraria
- Cais Pimenta Rosa
- Casa das Vellas Loreto
- Cork & Co
- Hats Factory (Fábrica dos Chapéus)
- Fátima Lopes
- Galeria Zé dos Bois
- Garrafeira Alfaia
- Garrafeira Nacional
- Book store Luis Burnay
- Maison Nuno Gama
- Naftalina Vintage Shop
- Solar do Vinho do Porto
Transport and Access
Bairro Alto has the following transport and access:
- Lisbon Metropolitan:
- Baixa-Chiado Metro Station (Blue and Green Line)
- Tram 28
- Lift of Glory (Ascensor da Glória)
- Calçada do Combro Park
- Largo Camões Park
History of Bairo Alto
The Bairro Alto began to be built in 1506 in the north of the city due to the need to find a place where it was possible to bury the victims of the Black Death. The Ermida de São Roque, the patron saint who protects from the black plague, was the place found to bury the victims of this deadly disease. The first urbanizations were built in 1513 in the old Vila Nova de Andrade and in 1527 it already had approximately 1600 inhabitants. Later, in 1553 the Companhia de Jesus established its headquarters and inaugurated the Church of São Roque and a hospital. Most of the buildings in Bairro Alto have their origins in the 18th century with the Lisbon Nobility moving to this neighborhood during the reign of Dom João V (1689-1750). Bairro Alto, from the 19th century onwards, became associated with nightlife and the written press. Nightlife in this area of Lisbon emerged from the 19th century with fado and the appearance of numerous restaurants, fado houses, bars and Portuguese taverns. The written press in Portugal reached its peak during the 1960s and 1970s with the establishment of thirteen of the twenty national newspapers.
The History of Bairro Alto can be divided into four periods:
1. The creation of Vila Nova de Andrade:
In the 16th century, most of Bairro Alto was owned by the counts of Andrade and Atouguia, who came together to create Vila Nova de Andrade. Vila Nova de Andrade started in 1513 between the river and Rua de Santos, having approximately 500 inhabitants in 1528 and almost a thousand at the end of the 16th century. The first inhabitants of Bairro Alto were people related to the maritime professions, mostly workers in Ribeira das Naus.
2. The establishment of the Jesuits on the São Roque Hill:
in 1553, the Society of Jesus was installed on the Hill of São Roque with the construction of the Church of São Roque and a Hospital. Bairro Alto becomes known as Bairro Alto de São Roque, having been the place chosen by the Nobles to live with their families. Two Neighborhoods started to exist: Bairro Alto de São Roque and Bairro Baixo of Vila Nova de Andrade. Bairro Alto grew around the Church of São Roque, having been considered the first rationalist layout in the city of Lisbon. In the 16th century, the streets of Bairro Alto were considered wide and suitable for coaches at the time.
3. The Earthquake of November 1, 1755 and the reconstruction of Bairro Alto:
the 1755 Earthquake destroyed a large part of the Vila Nova de Andrade Low District. However, Bairro Alto de São Roque was hardly affected. It was from this time that Bairro Alto began to be inhabited by the Bourgeoisie and Aristocracy, a time when the attic of buildings began to be used as housing.
4. The transformation of Bairro Alto from the 19th century:
from the 19th century onwards, nobles sold most of the palaces and abandoned Bairro Alto to other parts of the city. It was from this date that Bairro Alto de Lisboa became the headquarters of the country’s written press: practically all press newspapers were installed there. With the press, Bairro Alto was transformed and became known for the cultural, bohemian and artistic environment that lasts until today. Bairro Alto was the headquarters of the national press from the 19th century until 1970. Currently there is only one newspaper in Bairro Alto, the sports newspaper “A Bola”. From the 1980s onwards, the first nightlife venues emerged, namely the “Frágil” discotheque and the “Pap’Açorda” restaurant (currently established in Mercado da Ribeira).
Architecture and origin of Bairro Alto
The architecture in Bairro Alto is possible to observe through the perpendicular streets perfectly drawn the ruler and square, being equally labyrinthine because they all look the same for those visiting Bairro Alto for the first time. Bairro Alto was the first neighborhood with urban planning to be built outside the old fence that surrounded the city of Lisbon. The current Bairro Alto has its origins in the 18th century, from the reign of Dom João V (1689-1750) with the displacement of the Nobility who fled the riverside area to Bairro Alto, located north of downtown Lisbon. Bairro Alto is the biggest example of urban planning in Lisbon. In Bairro Alto you can find imposing churches, such as the Church of São Roque or the Church of Santa Catarina, palaces, namely the Palace of the Marquês de Pombal and the Palace of Santa Catarina, wide and squares such as Largo do Carmo or Praça Luís Camões and gardens, especially that of São Pedro de Alcântara, integrated in the São Pedro de Alcântara Viewpoint.
Santa Catarina and Bica, the surroundings of Bairro Alto
The neighborhood of Santa Catarina, built on the hill of Santa Catarina, was thus designated to pay homage to Santa Catarina of Mount Sinai. The main highlights of the neighborhood of Santa Catarina are the Miradouro de Santa Catarina, Alto de Santa Catarina, Praça Luís de Camões and Largo do Calhariz. Santa Catarina neighborhood was the place where Portas de Santa Catarina da Cerca Fernandina were located. The geographical limits of Santa Catarina hill are defined between Praça Luís de Camões and Calçada do Combro. The neighborhood of Santa Catarina has a unique landscape throughout the city of Lisbon due to the sloping terrain and the magnificent view of the Tagus River that can be seen from almost all buildings. Most of the buildings are old, the streets are narrow and winding. In this neighborhood, like a little throughout the historic area of Lisbon, we can experience people talking from one window to the other, the clothes spread on the clotheslines and a unique excitement throughout the day and most of the night. It is a popular place for Portuguese and foreigners to rest, visit and live.
The neighborhood of Bica located between Bairro Alto and Cais do Sodré and presents a unique landscape in the city with the existence of several sidewalks, narrow streets and stairs. The main arteries are Rua da Bica de Duarte Belo, Calçada da Bica and Calçada da Bica Pequena. The neighborhood of Bica arose due to a landslide in 1597 that occurred between Alto de Santa Catarina and the Alto das Chagas. The Bica neighborhood must the name of the fountain Bica dos Olhos built in 1675, known for the miraculous ability to treat blindness when washing the eyes with water. Rua da Bica de Duarte Belo is the most important street in the neighborhood, this is where we find the *Elevador da Bica. The Elevador da Bica was inaugurated on June 28, 1892 with the aim of helping the inhabitants of neighborhood transporting water and goods. Currently, it is one of the main means of transport in the neighborhood, one of the most important tourist attractions in the city of Lisbon and connects Rua de São Paulo to Largo do Calhariz.
Cerca Fernandina was built in 1375 in this very popular area to get in and out of Lisbon during the 15th and 16th centuries. The Portas de Santa Catarina were destroyed between 1702 and 1707 to make it possible for the parade of Dona Maria Ana of Austria, to be the future wife of Dom João V. The Portas de Santa Catarina they were later replaced by Largo do Chiado and two churches: the Church of Nossa Senhora do Loreto and the Church of Nossa Senhora da Encarnação.
Location of the Parish of Misericordia (Bairro Alto) on the map of Lisbon
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