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Chiado is a traditional historic neighborhood of people of intellectuality and culture with noble characteristics, located in the heart of Lisbon. Chiado is a mix of cosmopolitanism, tradition, history, commerce, luxury and glamor. The heart of the city integrates important streets for commerce with historic buildings, namely Rua Garrett, Largo do Chiado, Largo do Carmo, Rua do Carmo, Rua Nova do Almada and Rua Serpa Pinto. Chiado was built from the 19th century to reproduce the luxury and glamor of Paris, especially the Montmartre district, considered to be the painters’ quarter of the French capital, and the Champs Elysées. Chiado was the cultural and intellectual center of the city and the heart of romantic and bourgeois Lisbon in the 19th and early 20th centuries. At this time it was common to see the ladies in glamorous dresses and gentlemen in high hats walking in Chiado and having a coffee in Benard or Brazileira. Since then, Chiado has come to be known as the center in Lisbon of luxury, glamor, intellect and art due to the presence of numerous libraries, gyms, theaters, cafes, clubs and used bookstores. The development and growth of Chiado was marked by two disasters over time, the Earthquake of 1 November 1755 and the fire of 25 August 1988, which in both cases led to the reconstruction and recovery of much of the neighborhood.
The Bairro do Chiado is a place where harmony between new and old, tradition and cosmopolitanism prevail. Chiado is the soul of the city of Lisbon, where you can live, have fun and negotiate safely. It is the meeting point for people of various nationalities, cultures and ages. Chiado is widely visited due to the existing architectural styles, namely in 18th and 19th century buildings. Chiado has always been a privileged meeting point for intellectuals and artists from Portugal and abroad.
In Chiado it is possible to feel the past and see statues of writers like Fernando Pessoa or Eça de Queirós sitting in the cafe A Brasileira in the middle of Rua Garrett. Chiado has Bertrand, the oldest bookshop in the world created in 1773, Restaurante Tavares, the oldest restaurant in Portugal, one of the first elevators from the European continent located in the current Benetton store on Rua Garrett and the typical Portuguese pavement pavement.
The Chiado neighborhood is a place full of life, movement day and night where you can have fun, negotiate and try the famous Portuguese cuisine. Chiado is also a place where you can live safely, in harmony, in permanent contact with what is new and old.
Attractions to visit in Chiado (Top 10)
1. Livraria Bertrand: Livraria Bertrand do Chiado is the oldest functioning bookshop in the world, located at Rua Garrett, classified since 2011 by Guinness World Records. The bookshop was opened by Pedro Faure in 1732 and acquired by the Bertrand brothers in 1750, it was usually by personalities, namely, Bocage, Eça de Queiroz, Alexandre Herculano, Oliveira Martins, Antero de Quental or Fernando Pessoa. The space at Livraria Bertrand consists of 7 rooms, each decorated with themes alluding to renowned Portuguese writers.
2. Church of São Roque: The Church of São Roque is one of the few churches that resisted the 1755 Earthquake, being a living cultural and religious space, visible through the performance of numerous activities, namely masses, classical music concerts, fado concerts, chamber music concerts and study visits by schools in Portugal. The church was built in 1556 with the aim of integrating the headquarters of the Companhia de Jesus in Portugal in a Church-Auditorium style. This Catholic temple was the privileged stage for the sermons given by important figures, namely, by Father António Vieira (1606-1697), a 17th century Portuguese missionary and diplomat. The Church of São Roque was the seat of the Companhia de Jesus until the expulsion from Portugal in 1759, having subsequently been handed over in 1768 to Santa Casa da Misericórdia de Lisboa. The main points of interest of São Roque Church are:
- Chapel of São João Batista: The Chapel of São João Batista is the most expensive chapel in Portugal and the result of an order by King Dom João V (1689-1750) with the objective to respond to rumors related to the financial failure of Casa Real Portuguesa. The chapel was designated as Chapel of Saint Baptist because Saint John the Baptist was the Holy Protector of Dom João V. The project was thus commissioned to architects Vanvitelli and Nicola Salvi, author of the Trevi Fountain in Rome, and supervised by the goldsmith and architect of the Casa Real Portuguesa João Frederico Ludovice between 1744 and 1747. The Chapel of São João Batista was inaugurated in 1752, two years after the death of Dom João V. The main points of interest are:
- Representations of the Baptism of Christ by Saint John the Baptist, of the Annunciation and Pentecost produced in precious stones, by Mattia Moretti and Agostino Masucci
- 24 types of stone-marble that decorate in the chapel
- Jewelery collection that includes pieces such as the Custody of São João Batista, by Tomasio Politi, the Frontal de Altar by António Arrighi, Bernardino Ludovisi and Agostino Corsini or the Tocheiro Monumental by Giuseppe Gagliardi, Leandro Gagliardi and Giovanni Battista Maini
- Ceiling: The ceiling of the church was built in Prussian wood during the reign of Philip II (1527-1598), and was designed by Francisco Venegas. It is the only roof left in Lisbon from the Mannerist period (16th and 17th centuries). The paintings on the sides of the ceiling represent the Exaltation of the Holy Cross, by Amaro do Vale
- Capela-Mor: was paid for by three priests of the Society of Jesus, built between 1625 and 1628. The main altar includes sculptures representing Santo Inácio de Loyola, the founder of the Company of Jesus, São Francisco Xavier, São Luís Gonzaga, São Francisco de Borja and Nossa Senhora with “O Menino”. The screens on the main altar of the Church of São Roque are altered according to the liturgical calendar , namely in the following religious festivities:
- Announcement by Bento Coelho da Silveira;
- Adoration of the Pastors, of unknown authorship;
- Circumcision of unknown authorship;
- Calvary by Bento Coelho da Silveira;
- Resurrection of unknown authorship;
- Pentecost of unknown authorship;
- Assumption of unknown authorship.
- Sacristy: highlight for three sequences of paintings, especially:
- First sequence that represents episodes from the life of São Francisco Xavier by André Reinoso
- Second sequence with paintings representing scenes from the Passion of Christ painted by André Gonçalves
- Third sequence with paintings by Domingos da Cunha and representing episodes from the life of Santo Inácio de Loyola, the founder of the Society of Jesus
3. Chiado National Museum of Contemporary Art: The Chiado National Museum of Contemporary Art is a contemporary art museum where we can view national and foreign works of art. The museum was opened in 1911, closed in 1990 and reopened in 1994 on Rua Serpa Pinto in the building of the former Convento de São Francisco. The museum space was remodeled by the architect Jean-Michel Wilmotte and integrates collections of artists foreigners and Portuguese dating from 1850 to the present, namely Cândido Portinari, Auguste Rodin, Almada Negreiros, Mário Cesariny, Miguel Ângelo Lupi or Columbano Bordalo Pinheiro.
4. Cervejaria da Trindade: Cervejaria da Trindade is the oldest Cervejaria in Portugal, located in the building of the old Monastery of Trindade, on Rua Nova of the Trinity. The Cervejaria da Trindade is integrated in the building of the old Convento da Trindade, built in 1294, with the following highlights:
- Tiled panels with Masonic inspiration by the painter “O Ferreira das Tabuletas”, artistic director of Fábrica de Cerâmica Viúva Lamego;
- Panels of Calçada Portuguesa by Maria Keil from the 1940s;
- Portuguese gastronomy, especially Bife à Trindade, o Bacalhau à Santo Ofício and seafood
5. Basilica dos Mártires: Basilica dos Mártires is an 18th century church, the only church bearing the title of Basilica in Lisbon, located at Rua Garrett. The parish of Nossa Senhora dos Mártires was created in 1147, the year of the Conquest of Lisbon from the Moors, and the first chapel inaugurated in the place where the English army camp was, which helped to take over the city. The Basilica of the Martyrs was inaugurated in 1784 in Baroque and Neoclassical style under the guidance of a project by the architect Reinaldo Moreira dos Santos (1731-1791). The highlights of the Martyrs Basilica are as follows:
- Painting by São Vicente Mártir;
- Painting by Frei Bartolomeu dos Mártires;
- Baptismal font where São Bartolomeu dos Mártires (1514-1590) and Fernando Pessoa (1888-1935) was baptized;
- Image of Nossa Senhora dos Mártires;
- Ceiling: The ceiling painting of the basilica represents Dom Afonso Henriques, the knight Guilherme Longa and Nossa Senhora by Pedro Alexandrino;
- Medallions with representation of the “Four Evangelists”, namely Mateus, Marcos, Lucas and João, and the “Four Doctors of the Church”, especially Saint Ambrose, Saint Augustine, Saint Jerome and Saint Gregory the Great;
- Crib of the 18th-century Martyrs’ Basilica by Joaquim Machado de Castro (1731-1822).
6. Church of Nossa Senhora do Loreto ![(38 ° 42 ‘39.05’, 9 ° 8 ‘33.95’ ‘)]: The Church of Nossa Senhora do Loreto is the church of the Italian community in Lisbon since 1785, the only one to hold masses in Italian. Nossa Senhora do Loreto is the Patron Saint of Italy, is in Lisbon due to the great connection of the Italian community to the Portuguese capital, especially by the large number of Genoese and Venetians who worked in the professions related to the sea and commerce. The current church was built through the collaboration of Italian and Portuguese artists under the guidance of the architect Joaquim António dos Reis Zuzarte, and later, by José da Costa e Silva (1747-1819). The Church of Nossa Senhora do Loreto presents as highlights
- Statues of Nossa Senhora do Loreto with “O Menino”, São Pedro and São Paulo on the main facade of the church;
- Organ from the 18th century.
- the Image of Nossa Senhora do Loreto that survived the fire; the Sacristy which withstood the 1755 Earthquake and has the following points of interest;
- The archazones, furniture used to keep the vestments in churches and built in Pau Santo by António Machado Sapeiro;
- The ceiling painting by Machado Sapeiro;
- The Relics of Saint Justin Martyr originating in Rome in the 17th century;
- The tile panels by António Pereira Rovasco and Gabriel del Barco;
7. Church of the Santíssimo Sacramento: The Church of the Santíssimo Sacramento is the only church in Lisbon oriented to the East and the only one that performs Mass in Latin on Sunday afternoon. The church has been located on Calçada do Sacramento since its inauguration on April 5, 1807, designed in Baroque style by the architect Remígio Francisco de Abreu. The main highlights of the Church of the Blessed Sacrament are:
- Painting representing the angels by Pedro Alexandrino Carvalho;
- Altar of Nossa Senhora da Soledade by Sebastião Alves;
- Six silver lanterns weighing a total of 36 kilos, by Luís José Pereira;
- Ceiling with a painting representing an allegory to the Sacrament, by Pedro Alexandrino;
- Organ built in 1817 by António Xavier Machado and Cerveira;
- Eight paintings on the side walls of the church representing the Four Evangelists, namely Matthew, Marcos, Lucas and João, and the Four Doctors of the Church, São Jerónimo, São Gregory, St. Ambrose, St. Augustine and St. Gregory the Great
8. Church of Nossa Senhora da Encarnação: The Church of Nossa Senhora da Encarnação is a parish church located in Largo do Chiado. The first version of the church was built in 1708, having been destroyed during the 1755 Earthquake, having been rebuilt in Baroque style with a project by the architect Manuel Caetano de Sousa. The main highlights of the Church of Nossa Senhora da Encarnação are:
- Sculpture of Nossa Senhora da Encarnação by Machado de Castro;
- Ceiling paintings by Simão Caetano Nunes;
- Statues of Santa Catarina from the 17th century that survived the 1755 Earthquake of unknown author.
9. São Carlos National Theater ![(38.709578, -9.141758)]: The São Carlos National Theater is the main Opera House in Portugal since the inauguration on June 30, 1793 at Rua Serpa Pinto, near Largo do Chiado. The Teatro Nacional de São Carlos was the first building in Lisbon built in the Neoclassical style, having been built according to the project of the architect José da Costa e Silva (1747-1819), inspired by the theater La Scala de Milano and in the work Essay on Theater Architecture by Pierre Patte published in 1782. The National Theater of São Carlos also stands out for the creation of a Choir of the Theater that in 1843, of the Portuguese Symphony Orchestra in 1953 and for the performance of operas between September and July of each year. The main points of interest are:
- Exterior facade with the Balcony: existence of a central table with a written dedication to Dona Carlota Joaquina (1775-1830) and the Intendente Pina Manique (1733-1805), two important figures in construction of the Theater, and two side tables with symbolic representations of the Caduceus of Mercury. The Caduceus of Mercury is represented as a rod entwined by two snakes that touch each other at the top, carried by Roman Generals when they established Peace. union and meeting point for all social classes;
- Interior with the Concert hall: The Concert Hall was built in an oval shape and decorated with golden materials in a project by Manuel da Costa. The room features five orders of cabins, balconies and an audience with a capacity of approximately 600 seats. The Concert Hall features as highlights A lamp with 10.9 meters in circumference and 284 lamps; the Paintings on the ceiling of the vestibule and on the curtain wall by Cirilo Wolkmar Machado; the Paintings on the ceiling of the hall executed by Manuel da Costa; and the Paintings of the Royal Box made by Giovanni Appiani.
10. Armazéns do Chiado: Armazéns do Chiado is a covered shopping center spread over several floors, with a total of 54 stores, 12 restaurants, 3 kiosks and a terrace overlooking the Castle of São Jorge distributed by Rua do Carmo, Rua Nova do Almada and Rua Garrett. FNAC is the largest store in this commercial space, opened in 1999 with a project by the architects Álvaro Siza Vieira and Souto Moura, aiming to reproduce the grandeur of the former Chiado’s Grand Warehouses, opened in the same place on 19th November 1894 and inspired by the shopping centers of Paris. The building where the Armazéns do Chiado are currently located has performed various functions over the centuries, namely Convento do Espírito Santo da Pedreira of the Order of the Oratory of São Filipe Nery between 1674 and 1834, residence of the Baron of Barcelinhos between 1755 and 1883, Hotel Gibraltar between 1883 and 1874, Hotel Universal between 1874 and 1883, Companhia dos Grandes Armazéns do Chiado between 20 November 1894 until 25 August 1988, the day of the Chiado Fire.
Other places to explore in Chiado
Café A Brazileira: Café A Brazileira is one of the most notable historical cafés in Lisbon and a meeting point for intellectuals since its founding in 1905 on Rua Garrett. Adriano Telles, a northerner who was born in Alvarenga, left at the age of twelve for Brazil, where he grew rich with the coffee business. The name of the space came up precisely because coffee was imported from Brazil and sold to Lisbon residents. This entrepreneur opened several stores where he sold coffee in Lisbon, Braga and Seville. The establishment Café A Brazileira is located in a central and privileged location in the city of Lisbon, being therefore a meeting point for many Lisbonians and tourists due to the proximity of Praça Camões, Largo do Chiado and from Baixa-Chiado Metro Station. Café A Brasileira has several curiosities, namely the fact that the Portuguese expression “BICA” is widely used to order a coffee, as it was here that it first appeared in the form of the abbreviation B.I.C.A., which means only “Drink This With Sugar”. The points of interest of Café A Brazileira are the Pinturas inside the establishment of Almada Negreiros, Eduardo Viana, Jorge Barradas, António Soares, Stuart Cavalhães, José Pacheko and Bernardo Marques; the bronze statue of Fernando Pessoa by Lagoa Henriques, inaugurated in 1988; and gastronomy, especially chicken pies, Brazilian style steak, seafood açorda and lemon meringue pie.
Teatro da Trindade: Teatro da Trindade is one of the oldest theaters in Lisbon and the place where the first Portuguese-style magazines began to be shown in the 19th century, located at Rua Nova da Trinity. The building was ordered to be built by the writer and playwright Francisco Palha de Faria Lacerda (1827-1890) on the site of the former Academia da Trindade, was the first Teatro Popular de Ópera em Portugal. The Teatro da Trindade was inaugurated on November 30, 1867 with a project by Miguel Evaristo de Lima Pinto in Neoclassical style and being one of the most important places in Portuguese dramaturgy. The theater had several plays on display, namely the first edition of Os Maias by Eça de Queiroz in 1888, being considered by Eça de Queiroz as the Teatro de Lisboa. The main highlights of the Teatro da Trindade are the Medallions representing writers António Ferreira (1528-1569), Damião de Góis (1502-1574) and Sá de Miranda (1481-1558); and the Bust of Terpsichore, the Greek muse of dance.
Teatro São Luiz: Teatro São Luiz is a theater in the city of Lisbon focused on promoting Portuguese culture through the performing arts. The São Luiz Theater has been located on Rua António Maria Cardoso since its opening on May 22, 1894, opened under the name Teatro Dona Amélia in honor of the Queen of Portugal Dona Amélia (1865- 1951). The theater was designed by the architect Louis-Ernest Reynaud with the collaboration of the scenographer Luigi Manini (1848-1936). The Teatro São Luiz was one of the first sound cinema theaters in the city of Lisbon since 1930.
Pastelaria Alcôa: Pastelaria Alcôa is a famous pastry due to the high quality of the conventual sweets, namely the custard tarts and cornucopias. The Pastelaria Alcôa da Rua Garrett presents the following highlights:
- Conventual sweets, namely Cornucopia and Pastéis de Nata;
- The building of the Casa da Sorte considered heritage of the city of Lisbon. The decoration of the building was created by the artist Querubim Lapa (1925-2016), having been inaugurated in 1963 as Casa da Sorte.
Entretanto Rooftop: Entretanto Rooftop is a terrace with panoramic views over the city of Lisbon located on the seventh floor of Hotel do Chiado on Rua Nova from Almada. The terrace is integrated into the hotel bar, with the Tagus River on the right and the Santa Justa Elevator and Baixa Pombalina on the left. The terrace allows you to see the city of Lisbon with the deep blue on summer days.
Church of the Incarnation ![(38 ° 42 ‘59.10’ ‘, 9 ° 8’ 20.82 ”)]: the Church of the Incarnation was inaugurated in 1708 and completely rebuilt after the Earthquake of November 1, 1755 by the architect Manuel Caetano de Sousa (1738-1802). The highlights are the chancel, the four chapels and statues on the facade of the church
A Vida Portuguesa: The Vida Portuguesa store is a store where you can find historical Portuguese brands part of the national culture, namely the Andorinha, the newspaper Borda d’Água, the cans of preserves Tricana or the Licor Beirão. Vida Portuguesa became a success story, originating the inauguration of several stores throughout the country, including two in the Chiado neighborhood.
University of Fine Arts, University of Lisbon: The University of Fine Arts, University of Lisbon is the oldest school of artistic education in the country, having been in continuous operation since 1836 in the building of the former Convent of São Francisco to Chiado located in Largo da Academia Nacional de Belas-Artes. The Convent of São Francisco ao Chiado was built in 1217, having performed several functions throughout history, namely as national headquarters of the Order of San Francisco, General Study, equivalent to the current University, hospice, regimental hospital, court library in 1798 and Academia de Belas-Artes. The Faculty of Fine Arts currently has about 1700 students spread over 29 courses, offering two research centers, multimedia art labs, sculpture labs, painting labs, library, archive and a virtual museum.
- Basílica dos Mártires (Basílica dos Mártires)
- Grémio Literário (Grémio Literário)
- Church of Encarnação (Igreja da Encarnação)
- Church of Loreto (Igreja do Loreto)
- Church of Sacramento (Igreja do Sacramento)
- Museu do Chiado: National Museum of Contemporary Art (Museu do Chiado: Museu Nacional de Arte Contemporânea)
- Praça Luís de Camões (Praça Luís de Camões)
- Rua Garrett (Rua Garrett)
- Theater of Trindade (Teatro da Trindade)
- Teatro Nacional de São Carlos (Teatro Nacional de São Carlos)
- Theater of São Luiz (Teatro de São Luiz)
- theater Estúdio Mário Viegas (Teatro Estúdio Mário Viegas)
- theater Nacional São Carlos (Teatro Nacional São Carlos)
- theater Rápido (Teatro Rápido)
- Terraços do Carmo (Terraços do Carmo)
Historic Shops to visit in Chiado
The Lojas Históricas are part of a project created by the City Council in 2015 with the objective of protecting the material, historical and cultural heritage, and on the other hand, boosting the commercial activity that contribute to the identity and character of the city of Lisbon. Currently 82 Lojas Históricas are part of this chain.
1. Luvaria Ulisses: Luvaria Ulisses is part of the network of Historical Stores, created with the aim of protecting the cultural heritage of the city of Lisbon. Luvaria Ulisses is a store exclusively dedicated to the sale of gloves, since its opening in 1925 by Joaquim Rodrigues Simões in Rua do Carmo. The store is small, with only one aisle, however it deserves a visit due to the quality of the items sold, to the friendliness of the staff, for the interior decoration under the responsibility of the carver Carlos de Alcântara Kotz and the facade designed by engineer Arthur Guilherme Rodrigues Cohen.
2. Pastelaria Benard: Pastelaria Benard is one of the few patisseries, pastry shops specialized in Paris-inspired sweets that still exist in Lisbon, where you can eat delicacies such as croissants. The pastry shop has been located on Rua Garrett since 1902, and the first store was opened on Rua do Loreto in 1868 by Élie Bénard with the name Patisserie Benard. Maria Augusta Gomes, current owner, transformed the space in a place of mandatory visit due to the quality of the simple croissants, chocolate or egg candy and the realization of cultural activities related to music or painting. The Pastelaria Benard has been the scene of several curious episodes throughout history, namely:
- Pastry was one of the few places where women were allowed without the company of men;
- The patisserie changed its name to Pastelaria Benard in 1926 due to the ban on foreign names on the facades of buildings;
- Queen Elizabeth II of England dined here during the visit to Portugal between 18 and 23 February 1957.
3. Restaurante Tavares: Restaurante Tavares is one of the oldest restaurants in Europe and the oldest in operation in Portugal, having been opened in 1784 by the Tavares brothers on Rua da Misericórdia. The Restaurante Tavares is also known as Tavares Rico because the owner decided to open another restaurant that he called Tavares Pobre, today already disabled. the Restaurante Tavares was innovative in several aspects, namely through the introduction of à la carte menus or the import of foreign specialties, namely the French pâtés. The main highlights of the Restaurante Tavares are:
- Quality of gastronomy, namely Caviar Oscietra Pestrige, Linguado Meunière, Bife à Tavares and Pistachio soufflé
- Salão Nobre: a room with homage to illustrious figures who passed by the restaurant, namely Amália Rodrigues, Almada Negreiros, Eça de Queiroz, Cary Grant, Eisenhower, Calouste Gulbenkian, Hemingway or Madonna
- Historical meetings of Eça de Queiroz: The writer Eça de Queiroz deserves special mention and tribute in the restaurant due to the meetings of the group Vencidos da Vida between 1887 and 1894
4. Casa Havaneza: Casa Havaneza is the oldest tobacconist in Lisbon since it was opened in 1861 by François Caen and Charles Vanderin in association with banker Henry Burnay, with the aim of selling tobacco Cuban origin in a store located in Largo do Chiado. The store became one of the most important meeting points in Lisbon for writers, intellectuals, politicians or artists in order to exchange information about life and society in Lisbon. The tobacconist has several quality products, namely cigars Cohiba, Montecristo or Romeo y Julieta and smoking accessories such as lighters, cutters cigars or cigars. There are four chain stores located in Chiado, Amoreiras Shopping Center, Colombo Shopping Center and Casa Havaneza in Porto.
5. Livraria Ferin: Livraria Ferin is the second oldest bookshop in the country, opened in 1840 by Belgian Jean-Baptiste Ferin in Rua Nova do Almada. The bookstore attained great prestige, it was named as Official Binder of the Casa Real Portuguesa by the wish of King Dom Pedro V (1837-1861). The bookstore features approximately fifteen thousand books and documents displayed on wooden counters, cabinets or shelves. The history of Livraria Ferin presents a curious episode, the fact that it was one of the few buildings that did not burn at the Chiado Fire on August 25, 1988.
6. Carioca: Carioca is a historic coffee and tea shop founded in 1936 by Isidoro Teixeira on Rua da Misericórdia.
7. André Ópticas: André Ópticas is a historic store that sells glasses, having been opened as Óptica Ramos in 1888 on Rua Garrett.
8. Barbearia Campos: Barbearia Campos is the oldest barber shop in the country, having been opened in 1886 in Largo do Chiado.
9. Casa Pereira: Casa Pereira is a historic store that has been selling teas and coffees since its founding in 1930 on Rua Garrett.
10. Farmácia Andrade: Farmácia Andrade was the first pharmacy to use the first medicinal substances in glass ampoules since its inauguration in 1837.
11. Florista Pequeno Jardim: Florista Pequeno Jardim is the last florist in Chiado open to the public since 1922.
12. Joalharia do Carmo: Joalharia do Carmo is a historic store that has sold jewelry and silver objects since 1926 on Rua Garrett.
13. Leitão & Irmão: The jeweler Leitão & Irmão is a historic store on Rua Garrett that sells jewelery, orders for engraving, parts processing, restoration or cleaning.
14. Paris in Lisbon: The store Paris in Lisbon had an almost immediate success when it opened its doors in 1888 because it sold items related to French fashion.
15. Sapataria Carmo: Sapataria Carmo was opened in 1904 in Largo do Carmo by Francisco de Oliveira Abrantes with the aim of selling quality shoes and with the distinction of each shoe having the logo of brand.
Main Streets and Squares of Chiado
Rua Garrett: Rua Garrett, formerly Rua do Chiado, started to be named as of June 14, 1880 at the wish of the Mayor of the time José Gregório da Rosa Araújo in homage to Almeida Garrett (1799-1854), writer and promoter of the Theater in Portugal. Almeida Garrett, writer and politician was largely responsible for the introduction of Romanticism in Portugal through the works Camões of 1825, Dona Branca dated 1825, Viagens na Minha Terra from 1846 and the renovation of the Portuguese theater with the production of Frei Luís de Sousa in 1844. Almeida Garrett was also a deputy, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Consul General in Belgium, creator the National Theater Conservatory of Dramatic Art and the Theaters General Inspectorate. It is on Rua Garrett that we find Livraria Bertrand, Alma restaurant, a chocolate tent, Kaffeehaus and the Macrobiotic Institute of Portugal.
Largo do Chiado: Largo do Chiado is the main square in the Chiado district, connecting Praça Camões, Rua da Misericórdia, Largo São Carlos and Rua Garret . In the Largo do Chiado you can see the statue of the poet António Ribeiro Chiado, the Café A Brasileira, the Igreja da Misericórdia, the Igreja do Loreto and the Baixa-Chiado metro station, being a busy space, with the regular performance of street artists and the presence of tourists and Portuguese from all over the country, of sounds and smells from various parts of the world . Largo do Chiado was once one of the most important entrances and exits in Lisbon, with the construction of the Portas de Santa Catarina, between 1373 and 1375, destroyed in the early 18th century.
Largo de São Carlos: Largo de São Carlos is a pedestrian square with a link between Rua Paiva de Andrade and Rua Serpa Pinto, built in the shape of a square in order to highlight the São Carlos National Theater, the main building of this place. The square is a privileged place for lovers of classical music and opera, with free outdoor concerts often held during the summer season. The Largo de São Carlos received this name due to the foundation of the theater in the 18th century. Largo de São Carlos is the place where we can find the Teatro Nacional de São Carlos, where the house where Fernando Pessoa was born and lived during the childhood. The Largo de São Carlos was thus designated until 18 October 1913, the year in which it was temporarily named Largo do Directoire in honor of the headquarters of [ <] Portuguese Republican Party and the Directory in Lisbon. This designation would change to “Largo de São Carlos” on May 28, 1956.
Calçada do Santíssimo Sacramento: The Calçada do Santíssimo Sacramento connects Rua Garrett to Largo do Carmo, being named after the presence of the Igreja do Santíssimo Sacramento.
Rua da Anchieta: The name “Rua da Anchieta” was given in 1885 in honor of the explorer and naturalist José Anchieta, responsible for collecting specimens of animal and botanical species for the Lisbon Museum between 1864 and 1865. Rua da Anchieta connects Rua Garrett to Rua Capelo Ivens, being one of the busiest streets in Chiado due to the presence of shops, restaurants, local accommodation. Rua da Anchieta is a street with easy access for pedestrians and vehicles.
Rua Serpa Pinto: Rua Serpa Pinto was named after the African explorer Alexandre de Serpa Pinto (1846-1900) since September 7, 1885. Serpa Pinto was the most important explorer in Africa in Portugal, having been responsible for exploring a route that connected the interior of the African continent to connect Angola to Mozambique between 1879 and 1884. This exploration later gave rise to the Pink Map and the diplomatic conflict between Portugal and England in 1890. Rua Serpa Pinto has had several names throughout history, namely:
- Rua do Saco: so named because it was a dead end street. The designation Rua do Saco was common in Portugal until the 17th century for streets that had no exit;
- Rua Nova dos Mártires;
- Rua Leva da Morte: was named after the death of 6 prisoners and 1 guard and 60 wounded out of a total of 151 prisoners and 253 guards being transported from the Government Civil to Cais do Sodré Train Station. The shooting and what was then considered a massacre took place on the current Rua Serpa Pinto on October 16, 1918
- Rua 16 de Outubro: is so named due to the episode told in the previous point
Largo da Trindade: Largo da Trindade has been designated as such since 1913 for two reasons: 1. it is the location of the Church and Convent of the Order of the Holy Trinity since the 13th century, and 2. in honor of José Francisco de Trindade Coelho (1861-1908), republican writer and politician, founder of newspapers Gazeta de Portalegre and Comércio de Portalegre, author of books like O ABC do Povo in 1901, The Portuguese Citizen’s Political Manual in 1906 and in a columnist several newspapers and magazines. Largo da Trindade has had several designations throughout history, namely:
- Largo de São Roque: this name came up when in 1509 Dom Manuel I ordered the construction of a chapel with the purpose of housing a relic of São Roque, the patron saint against the Plague, Invalides and Surgeons, due to the great epidemic of black plague that existed in the city of Lisbon. The Igreja de São Roque was transformed into the headquarters of the Companhia de Jesus in Portugal in 1553;
- Largo do Cauteleiro: was so named due to the presence of the Statue of tribute to the Cauteleiros, street vendor of lotteries or games of luck. The Statue of Cauteleiro by Fernanda de Assis was inaugurated on November 18, 1987 to commemorate the 204 years of the National Lottery. The headquarters of Santa Casa da Misericórdia de Lisboa was also inaugurated in this same place on the same date.
Rua Nova da Trindade: Rua Nova da Trindade was opened to circulation in 1836 after the destruction of the Convento da Santíssima Trindade that existed since the 13th century. Rua Nova da Trindade is currently one of the busiest streets in Chiado due to the presence of restaurants such as Cervejaria da Trindade, Bairro do Aville or Teatro da Trindade concert hall
Largo da Academia Nacional de Belas Artes: Largo da Academia Nacional de Belas Artes is named after April 6, 1982 due to the presence of the Escola Superior de Belas-Artes.
Largo Rafael Bordalo Pinheiro: Largo Rafael Bordalo Pinheiro, former Largo da Albergoaria, started to be named after February 11, 1915 in honor of to Rafael Bordalo Pinheiro (1846-1905). Rafael Bordalo Pinheiro was the author, caricaturist of several works and characters, namely the Zé Povinho created in 1875. This unique artist performed the most varied functions throughout his life, namely that of caricaturist in magazines such as A Lanterna Mágica or O Mosquito or by artistic director of the Faças Factory of Caldas da Rainha. Rafael Bordalo Pinheiro was mainly known for ceramics but also for his criticism of political society at the end of the 19th century
Curiosities of Chiado
The Largo do Chiado was formerly the Largo das Duas Igrejas, located opposite the old Portas de Santa Catarina, the entrance to Lisbon. In 1707 the Portas de Santa Catarina were destroyed to allow the passage of the procession of Dona Maria Ana of Austria, queen of Dom João V. In Largo do Chiado there was one of the busiest entrances in the city of Lisbon due to Bairro Alto, formerly known as Villa Nova de Andrade. Portas de Santa Catarina were intersected by Rua Direita das Portas de Santa Catarina, where the royal processions passed, religious processions, popular festivals and cultural events in Lisbon since the 16th century, as an example, the nuptial processions of Dom Afonso IV and Dona Maria de Sabóia in 1666 and the nuptial procession of Dom José I with Dona Maria Vitória de Bourbon in 1729. Chiado was an upscale neighborhood where the palaces of the Nobility and the Upper Bourgeoisie were located, the areas most affected by the Earthquake of 1 November 1755.
Bairro do Chiado includes two parish councils in the city of Lisbon:
- São Nicolau
Five Star Tourist Developments
- Bairro Alto Hotel
- Chiado16 Boutique Hotel
Estabelecimentos de Ensino
- Externato Paroquial Nossa Senhora da Conceição (core of Chiado)
- Instituições de Saúde:
- José Manuel Curado Prates: Dermatology and Venology
- Hospital da Ordem Terceira
Four Star Tourist Developments
- Borges Chiado Hotel
- Hotel do Chiado
- Lisboa Carmo Hotel
- Lisboa Pessoa Hotel
- Mercy 9Hotel
- Teatro Boutique Hotel
- Lisb-On Hostel
- PH in Chiado
Stores where to shop in Chiado
- Adolfo Dominguez
- Ana Salazar
- Armazéns do Chiado
- Antiquário do Chiado
- Joalharia do Carmo
- Livraria Bertrand
- Livraria Ferin
- Sapataria do Carmo
Transport and Access in Chiado
Chiado has the following transport and access:
- Metropolitano de Lisboa:
- Baixa-Chiado Metro Station (Blue and Green Lines)
Parking lots in the Chiado:
- Park of Rua Nova do Almada
- Park of Rua Almirante Pessanha no Largo do Carmo
- Park of the Camões
- Park of the Chiado
Fairs, Parties and Pilgrimages in Chiado
- Alfarrabistas Fair: held daily on Rua da Anchieta
- Sacramento Craft Fair: takes place on the third Sunday of each month at Largo do Carmo
History of Chiado
Chiado was founded in the 12th century and quickly became the favorite place of residence for the Portuguese Nobility. From the Earthquake of November 1, 1755, Chiado became one of the most important areas of the city of Lisbon due to the works carried out by the Marquis of Pombal. Chiado went through several important events in the History of Portugal, namely the French invasions of the beginning of the 19th century and the liberal revolution of 1820. This Lisbon neighborhood was uninhabited during the twenties of the 19th century. Chiado became the literary, artistic and cultural reference of Lisbon from the 1930s onwards, a situation that remains today. The most striking event in the recent history of Chiado was the fire of the building Armazém do Chiado on August 25, 1988. Flames quickly spread throughout the building, even threatening the entire neighborhood. The building was rebuilt by the Portuguese architect Álvaro Siza Vieira and keeps the name “Armazéns do Chiado”, which includes 55 stores, 15 restaurants and 1 hotel.
Chiado and The Lisbon Earthquake of November 1, 1755
Lisbon was the victim of three catastrophes on November 1, 1755: an earthquake, followed by a tsunami and followed by a fire. Disasters have put everything in question, from one of the greatest empires in the world to people’s beliefs. The catastrophes were described and painted by foreign residents in Lisbon, namely Daniel Braddock. The English worked in Lisbon due to the trade that came from Brazil, especially gold. Lisbon, like any Catholic city in the 18th century, was celebrating All Saints Day, one of the most important festivals of Catholicism in honor of all the saints and martyrs of the Catholic Church. On November 1, 1755, most of the people of Lisbon were inside the 19 convents, 40 parish churches and 130 chapels in Lisbon at 9:30 am when the earth began to shake. The epicenter of the earthquake occurred approximately 250 km southwest of Portugal in the Atlantic Ocean, triggering the largest earthquake in the history of Europe with a magnitude of nine degrees on the Richter Scale.
Earthquake of November 1, 1755
Lisbon started to shake at approximately 9:30 and a few minutes later it was covered with ashes and sands that transformed the day into night. The Portuguese capital became the city of darkness, a city worthy of Dante’s Inferno. Many people believed that the tragedy was a divine punishment from God. After the earthquake, most of the survivors fled to the area closest to the Tagus River, unaware that another disaster was beginning. The tsunami took approximately ninety minutes to reach Lisbon and was so devastating that thousands of bodies and furniture were spotted ten days later in the Atlantic Ocean by the captain of a ship.
Fire of November 1, 1755, part 1
o incêndio aconteceu após ao tsunami Lisboa no dia 1 de Novembro de 1755, como consequência da queda das milhares de velas acesas para as missas que iam ser realizadas no Dia de Todos os Santos. Começaram por ser centenas de pequenos fogos espalhados por toda a cidade que se tornaram num grande incêndio. No dia 2 de Novembro de 1755 a cidade de Lisboa ardia quase totalmente, era uma tempestade fogo. A tempestade fogo atingiu especialmente a zona da Baixa, um vale rodeado por três colinas, onde as temperaturas ultrapassaram os mil graus centígrados. Lisboa passou a ser uma chama enorme para os sobreviventes destas três catástrofes. O incêndio durou aproximadamente uma semana. Durante a catastrofe de 1755, Lisboa foi cenário de pilhagens, mortes e assaltos com as destruições das cadeias da cidade e a fuga dos prisioneiros. Os criminosos organizaram-se em grupos para pilhar, roubar, violar e matar tudo o que encontrassem. A descoberta de uma vala comum por baixo do antigo Convento de Jesus, a atual Academia das Ciências, indica que existiu canibalismo entre os sobreviventes devido à escassez de comida. Esta situação levou à adopção da Lei Marcial pelo Marquês de Pombal.
November 1, 1755 Fire, part 2
The main buildings of the city were destroyed, namely the Church of Santa Catarina, the Church of São Paulo, the Palace of the Dukes of Bragança, the Courtyard of the Inquisition, the Royal Library, the treasure kept in the warehouses of Casa da Índia, the Paço da Ribeira. Many Europeans considered the destruction of the Paço da Ribeira equivalent to the loss of the Library of Alexandria in Ancient Egypt. At the same time, some brothels survived the tragedy, which led the people to question why the churches were destroyed and these places were not. The Marquis of Pombal decided to react and take immediate action, namely cleaning the streets, forbidding the population to settle outside Lisbon, inventory of the destroyed properties, rebuilding the city and imposing martial law. Lisbon lost between fifteen and one hundred thousand people and Portugal about half of its wealth. The earthquake launched an intense debate in Europe about science, nature and God. Voltaire was one of the European figures who was dismayed by the tragedy and who sought more answers through the publication of several works, namely Cândido, the hero who survived the earthquake and began to debate the meaning of the Church in society.
Location of the Parish of Santa Maria Maior (Chiado) on the map of Lisbon
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